Category: Linux 101 stuff. Questions are encouraged

Everytime I update bios, my grub and mbr is ge…

Everytime I update bios, my grub and mbr is getting messed up. How to fix?:

Arch 64bit, grub, mobo 370x amd ryzen uefi, 2nd hdd disk for gnu linux (not partitioned side by side with windows)

submitted by /u/manolos69
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I started using a raspberry pi as a web/file s…

I started using a raspberry pi as a web/file server on my home network. How do I keep track of all the running services (and shit) on my server?:

I have Apache, PHP, MySQL, InfluxDB, node.js, … running.

I know how to work with each of those things on its own. What I do not know is how to make sure that non of them is shitting its pants.

In fact, other than physical (or w/e) note taking and keeping, is there a way to know what services (or things) are going on for a linux machine? Any high-level ways to probe the machine besides figuring out which processes are running?

submitted by /u/nikoniko92
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VPN problems

VPN problems:

hey, i recently installed ubuntu for the first time and im trying to get a stable connection using open VPN + nord VPN

i’ve followed these instructions: https://nordvpn.com/tutorials/linux/openvpn/

when i go to this address: https://whatismyipaddress.com/de/meine-ip

it always tells me the correct location im connected to; after like 10 minutes when i refresh the page it will reveal my actual location again.

“VPN Connections” tells me im connected to a german server

https://www.iplocation.net/find-ip-address on this site for example even though the first one i’ve posted knows where i am the second one shows my german connection

im using brave at the moment and when i connect to thepiratebay.org my internet provider blocks the connection; but when i open a private window i can accses the site.

im really confused. i downloaded the server/certificate list and imported both into “import saved VPN configuration”

what am i doing wrong? or am i doing everything right? im not sure actually

submitted by /u/opencryptotools
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What is your “essentials” list?

What is your “essentials” list?:

I’m finishing up a Linux course at my school and ended up enjoying it a lot more than i expected. The course was done 100% using CLI on Debian and RHEL systems. I also have VMWare’s Workstation pro, so i can destroy as many systems as I’d like (and make clones/snapshots instantly).

So my question is, what would you recommend i familiarize myself with? I was taught Linux in a very structured way, and it didn’t leave room for customization (e.g. we only coded in vi, didn’t use curl or wine)

I want to master the CLI before i add in the desktop experience. I’ve surpassed the anxiety stage, and nothing I’ve come across has felt overwhelming like when i first started. Feel free to list packages and I’ll research them!

submitted by /u/sawgeh
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Tutanota: Encrypted Open Source Email Service …

Tutanota: Encrypted Open Source Email Service for Privacy Minded People:

submitted by /u/itsfoss2
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[Mint 18.3] What is gnome-key ring-daemon and …

[Mint 18.3] What is gnome-key ring-daemon and why is it always not responding?:

submitted by /u/xyl0ph0ne
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Infinite loop trying to full system back up wi…

Infinite loop trying to full system back up with rsync?:

Hello I’ve been trying to make a full system back up on my 32 GB USB, but the process has failed multiple times and I’ve been attempting to figure out why.

It would get to a certain point of copying, and then all of a sudden the text in terminal would just stop and I’d have that blinking rectangle (I assumed this was because of an infinite loop or some error I made).

So then I ended up formatting the flash drive and trying again today, but I’m seemingly put inside of a different infinite loop where it displays the same information over and over, but no actual files are being copied onto the USB.

I used this command :

sudo rsync -aAXv –exclude={“/dev/”,“/proc/”,“/sys/”,“/tmp/”,“/run/”,“/mnt/”,“/media/*”,“/lost+found”} / /run/media/Delbard/BACK UP/

I’ve been working on this for hours and I can’t figure it out, can someone point me to the right direction please?

Thank you very much!

submitted by /u/MrDelbard
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Starting from scratch MAC to PC

Starting from scratch MAC to PC:

I may use some terminology incorrectly, please correct

Late 08’ Macbook w/ El Capitan (‘New PC’) Asus prime z270-a mb, celeron cpu, sapphire rx 480 gpu, 8gb stick of RAM

Goal: Create an Ubuntu 16.04 bootable USB pendrive with macbook to use on PC.

Trial: Insert 64GB pendrive into macbook Burn Ubuntu 16.04iso to pendrive using Unetbootin Insert pendrive into PC to install Ubuntu 16.04 Google marathon Had some success… was able to ‘try’ Ubuntu with unsuccessful installation

Starting over ideas/questions:

Format USB/wipe clean I have the Format options of OS X extended (Journaled) or (Case Sensitive, Journaled), MS-DOS(FAT), and ExFat Scheme – GUID partition, MBR, or apple partition map

I believe exFat is the appropriate format, I’ve also come across some information that mentioned a FS format with Linux using EXT. I’m a little confused which is appropriate.

After formatting, reburn a new Ubuntu iso onto the pendrive

I am looking for the pendrive to be able to install Ubuntu as well as read/write programs. So say for example there is a loss of power, when power is initiated (it is my understanding to implement these tasks within the UEFI) I would like the USB to automatically boot into Ubuntu and run the programs I had written to the USB prior through a startup script.

Any help to get me started with formatting the USB to work in the PC is greatly appreciated. Thanks!

submitted by /u/-Secret-Squirrel-
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Linux 18.3 Steam Issue

Linux 18.3 Steam Issue:

trying to launch Steam on my Lenovo ThinkPad T430 running Linix mint 18.3

I can get Steam to download but cannot get it to launch. Any help would be appreciated.

submitted by /u/Mateoalejandrow
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Terminal 256 color support is driving me nuts….

Terminal 256 color support is driving me nuts. I’ve tried everything. Help please?:

Hey all. Fresh install of Lubuntu 17. All I’ve done so far: Setup SSH and Apache2, install zsh w/ antigen, setup vim 8 w/ antigen.

I use Guake as my terminal. I like Guake. Apparently it supports 256 colors natively. Here’s the problem…

“tput colors” outputs 8. “echo $TERM” outputs xterm. “export TERM=xterm-256color” changes the terminal to 256 colors, but I lose it on terminal closure. I have put “export TERM=xterm-256color” in my zshrc. No change. I have installed the 256color plugin from Oh My Zsh! I don’t use the OMZ zshrc, I used antigen for a little while. I hated it, so I switched to zplug.. no change.

What gives?

I’m running out of options. I can set gnome-terminal to 256 colors, but only through a custom command in the profile (env TERM=xterm-256color /bin/zsh)… And I don’t like gnome-terminal.

submitted by /u/StupidHumanSuit
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